In terms of the modern quantum theory, electromagnetic radiation is the flow of photons (also called light quanta) through space. … Electromagnetic radiation exhibits a multitude of phenomena as it interacts with charged particles in atoms, molecules, and larger objects of matter.
What is the electromagnetic theory in simple terms?
Electromagnetic theory based on Maxwell’s equations establishes the basic principle of electrical and electronic circuits over the entire frequency spectrum from dc to optics. It is the basis of Kirchhoff’s current and voltage laws for low-frequency circuits and Snell’s law of reflection in optics.
Who gave electromagnetic radiation theory?
In 1862–64 James Clerk Maxwell developed equations for the electromagnetic field which suggested that waves in the field would travel with a speed that was very close to the known speed of light.
What is classical theory of electromagnetic radiation?
The classical theory of the time-angular distribution of the radiation of energy and momentum by a system of relativistic particles is developed. This theory is based on the physical definition of a system of emission events and the center of the system of emission events.
Why is the electromagnetic theory important?
EM theory is an essential basis for understanding the devices, methods, and systems used for electrical energy. Both electric and magnetic fields are defined in terms of the forces they produce. … EM theory is a vital tool for the design and operation of these lines and the many devices needed to connect to them.
What are the types of electromagnetic radiation?
The electromagnetic spectrum includes, from longest wavelength to shortest: radio waves, microwaves, infrared, optical, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma-rays.
How does electromagnetic wave theory was discovered?
About 150 years ago, James Clerk Maxwell, an English scientist, developed a scientific theory to explain electromagnetic waves. He noticed that electrical fields and magnetic fields can couple together to form electromagnetic waves. … Hertz proved the existence of radio waves in the late 1880s.
What are the 4 main properties of electromagnetic waves?
Every form of electromagnetic radiation, including visible light, oscillates in a periodic fashion with peaks and valleys, and displaying a characteristic amplitude, wavelength, and frequency that defines the direction, energy, and intensity of the radiation.
What is classical theory of radiation How does it differ from quantum theory?
The key difference between classical theory and quantum theory is that classical theory describes the nature of macroscopic level, whereas quantum theory describes the nature of microscopic level.
What is the classical theory of electricity?
In the classical model, it is assumed that a free electron is accelerated for a short time and then collides with a lattice ion. After the collision, the velocity of the electron is assumed to be completely unrelated to that before the collision.
What are electromagnetic waves Class 12?
Electromagnetic waves are those waves in which electric and magnetic field vectors changes sinusoidally and are perpendicular to each other as well as at right angles to the direction of propagation of wave.