What is electromagnetic radiation made of?

What is electromagnetic radiation made out of?

Electromagnetic radiation is made when an atom absorbs energy. The absorbed energy causes one or more electrons to change their locale within the atom. When the electron returns to its original position, an electromagnetic wave is produced.

What exactly is electromagnetic radiation?

Radiation that has both electric and magnetic fields and travels in waves. … Electromagnetic radiation can vary in strength from low energy to high energy. It includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays, and gamma rays.

Is electromagnetic radiation made of photons?

Electromagnetic radiation can be described in terms of a stream of mass-less particles, called photons, each traveling in a wave-like pattern at the speed of light. Each photon contains a certain amount of energy. The different types of radiation are defined by the the amount of energy found in the photons.

What produces an electromagnetic wave?

Electromagnetic waves are produced whenever electric charges are accelerated. This makes it possible to produce electromagnetic waves by letting an alternating current flow through a wire, an antenna. The frequency of the waves created in this way equals the frequency of the alternating current.

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How does electromagnetic radiation affect the human body?

Low-frequency magnetic fields induce circulating currents within the human body. The strength of these currents depends on the intensity of the outside magnetic field. If sufficiently large, these currents could cause stimulation of nerves and muscles or affect other biological processes.

Is heat an electromagnetic radiation?

Thermal radiation is electromagnetic radiation emitted from a material that is due to the heat of the material, the characteristics of which depend on its temperature. An example of thermal radiation is the infrared radiation emitted by a common household radiator or electric heater.

What are characteristics of electromagnetic radiation?

Two characteristics of electromagnetic radiation are particularly important for understanding remote sensing. These are the wavelength and frequency. The wavelength is the length of one wave cycle, which can be measured as the distance between successive wave crests.

What is the fundamental source of electromagnetic radiation?

The fundamental source of electromagnetic radiation is oscillating electric charges, which emit oscillating electric and magnetic fields.

Why is electromagnetic radiation called electromagnetic?

Electromagnetic waves are produced by the motion of electrically charged particles. These waves are also called “electromagnetic radiation” because they radiate from the electrically charged particles. They travel through empty space as well as through air and other substances.

What form of electromagnetic radiation does a microwave use?

Microwaves are a type of wave that are sandwiched between radio waves and infrared radiation on the electromagnetic spectrum. In the case of microwave ovens, the commonly used wave frequency is roughly 2,450 megahertz (2.45 gigahertz).

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Are microwaves made up of photons?

Not only is light made up of photons, but all electromagnetic energy (i.e. microwaves, radio waves, X-rays) is made up of photons.

Are gamma rays made up of photons?

Gamma rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation (EMR). … Each photon contains a certain amount (or bundle) of energy, and all electromagnetic radiation consists of these photons. Gamma-ray photons have the highest energy in the EMR spectrum and their waves have the shortest wavelength.

How do you make electromagnetic radiation?

EM radiation is created when an atomic particle, such as an electron, is accelerated by an electric field, causing it to move. The movement produces oscillating electric and magnetic fields, which travel at right angles to each other in a bundle of light energy called a photon.